Purpose of Cadastral System:
National Land Survey has been carried out under provisions in
laws mainly National Land Survey Law (Law No.180 of 1951) and
The Act on Special Measures for Promotion of National Land Survey
(Law No.143 of 1962). National Land Survey aims at improving basic
data concerning land of the whole country for more efficient and
reasonable land utilization through the scientific and comprehensive
survey of actual conditions of the national land and reforming
National Land Survey consists of 3 surveys; Cadastral Survey,
Land Classification Survey and Water Survey.
Cadastral survey is one of National Land Survey based on National
Land Survey Law. Mainly municipalities conduct Cadastral Survey
to survey owner, parcel number, type of land, boundary and the
dimension for every parcel of land.
The most half of maps kept and utilized at registry office as
record concerning land in Japan are still based on old map (recorded
map) etc. made at the time of extensive revision of the land taxation
system in the Meiji era (the end of 19th century). There are some
cases that some recorded map is different from the real boundary
and configurations etc., and the dimension of land listed on a
registry book is inaccurate. The product of the cadastral survey
is submitted to the registry office to update registry books and
maps. The updated registry books and maps will be useful for the
smooth transaction of interests in land and efficient administration.