Current Political and Administrative
Following the British rule, the Gilbert Islands became a sovereign
Republic of Kiribati when it gained its full political independence
in July 1979.
The Head of State became an elected President by the people.
The House of Parliament that amended and passed laws consists
of every elected MP Representative from all the 20 inhabited islands.
A total of 43 seats are available in Parliament. There are usually
only 2 political parties in Parliament, one being the ruling Government
party at the time and the Opposition party.
Adopted from the British administration certain powers of the
central Government were delegated to the Island Councils established
on every island. The council is made up of councilors elected
by residents of the island. Respective island councils has powers
over village planning, regulate inshore fishing, taxes and initiate
island development projects beneficial to the island that were
usually passed to central Government for approval and funding.
On the other hand Government has powers over education, health,
public utilities, commerce, natural resource development, customs
and immigration, environment conservations and planning and land