Names of the respective agencies that are responsible for land registration
and for cadastral surveying, including the ministries to which they
are attached and at what level (state or national).
The agencies responsible for Land registration and for cadastral
survey depend on provincial government. Cadastral organizations
depend of different Ministries according the Province.
The current situation is as follows:
|Provinces and Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
||Name of the Organization
||Provincial Directorate of Territorial Cadastre
||Ministry of Economy
||General Cadastre Administration
||Ministry of Economy and Finances
As a Federation of States, Australia maintains centralized land
administration offices in each State, which are almost completely
computerised today. There is no prescribed organizational structure
common to all states. Land administration is a state government
responsibility under a range of government departments such as
Environment, Planning, Information Technology or Land Administration.
Embedded in these departments is a digital map of the state including
the state's digital cadastral map, Land Registry and Titles Office,
Crown Lands Management Office, Surveyors Board, and business units
for Land Information and Resources. Combinations of these services
can be found in all the States, integrated through sharing agreements
and often residing in the one central metropolitan office. A consortium
of all states and the Commonwealth, called the Public Sector Mapping
Agencies Ltd, produces national cadastral map products.
Institutional structure of Land Management Sector; the Key Players
in the land management sector and their responsibilities:
|Ministry of Justice
|Court (County Courts)
|Ministry of Finance
||Valuation of land
|Ministry of Agriculture and Environment
||Law on land-consolidation
|Ministry of Interior
||Register of inhabitants
|Local Agrarian Authority
|Ministry of Economics and Labour
||Surveying and cadastre act
|Federal Office for Metrology and Surveying (BEV)
||National Agency for Cadastre, Topographic Mapping
|Cadastre Office (Vermessungsamt)
The agency that is responsible for land registration and for
cadastral surveying is the Patrimony Documentation Department
(before the "Coperfin Reform" > Cadastre, Registration and Public
Property Administration) and this on a National Level.
The Patrimony Documentation Department collaborates with the
local government (the districts, the towns) and the IGN (National
Since independence, the government Administration are as follow:
- Prime Minister's Office
- Ministry of Defence
- Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Ministry of Home Affairs
- Ministry of Education
- Ministry of Industries and Primary Resourses
- Ministry of Religious Affairs
- Ministry of Development
- ..... ...
The land issues in Cambodia are dealt with by the Ministry of
Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction (MLMUPC), which
has a wide mandate through 4 General Department. The four General
Department are: General Department of Land Management and Urban
Planning, General Department of Construction, General Department
of Cadastre and Geography (GDCG) and General Department of Administration.
The GDCG is responsible for land registration and land administration,
geodetic and cadastral surveying, mapping and property valuation.
The 160 District and 24 Provincial/Municipal offices of the Ministry
of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction carry out
actual implementation of land registration, administration of
land transactions, and land use planning.
In China, the Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR), formerly
the State Bureau of Land Administration, is the state administrative
agency for land and mineral resources administration, including
cadastre and land registration. The State Bureau of Surveying
and Mapping of China (SBSM) is an administrative agency of the
Chinese Government for surveying and mapping, including cadastral
surveying and mapping. SBSM takes charge of the national basic
surveying and mapping work, the overall administration of the
surveying and mapping profession. It also formulates the plans
and technical standards for cadastral surveying and mapping, manages
the verification of cadastral surveying and mapping qualifications,
and certifies cadastral surveying and mapping ...
Land registration and cadastral surveying in Cyprus is undertaken,
at national level, by the Department of Lands and Surveys (DLS),
of the Ministry of Interior. DLS is the oldest department in the
government service, dating back to 1858. The initial and main
responsibility of the Department was the registration of immovable
property on the island. However, throughout the years, the Department
expanded its services and activities offered to the public, emerging
into a dynamic and multifaceted organization.
The supreme administrative body is the Czech Office for
Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre (COSMC), which is a central
governmental body with a president (not a minister) in its head.
COSM is submitted directly to the government. There are 7
Surveying and Cadastral Inspectorates in regions and 77
Cadastral Offices in districts, which are subordinated
directly to COSMC.
Beside that there are two special institutions - the Land
Survey Office (geodetic control, state map series) and
the Research Institute for Geodesy, Topography and Cartography,
both subordinated to COSMC.
The National Survey and Cadastre under the Ministry of Environment
is responsible for geodetic and small-scale topographic mapping,
nautical charting, and for maintaining and updating the cadastral
register and the cadastral maps. Legal rights to land such as
ownership, mortgage, easements and leases are recorded in the
Land Book at the local districts courts under the authority of
the Ministry of Justice. The land book is based on the cadastral
identification of the land parcels.
The Director of Lands and Surveyor General is responsible for
all land surveying activities in Fiji, including the development
and maintenance of Acts, Regulations, Notices to Surveyors, etc.
Both government and private surveyors play important roles in
the survey of land and their respective roles have become more
distinct in recent days partly because of the definition of the
categories of land types in Fiji. Government surveyors carryout
only State land surveys and government occupation in native land
which means all public lands of Fiji including foreshores and
soil under waters of Fiji and all lands which have been acquired
by the government for any public purposes. Government ...
National Land Survey of Finland (Maanmittauslaitos) is a governmental
authority. It is responsible for the administration of the Cadastre
and carrying out cadastral surveys in the rural areas. The land
register activities will be taken over from the local courts in
the beginning of 2010. Around 200 employees will follow.
The National Land Survey is also responsible for topographic
mapping and the topographic database. From the beginning of 2010
there are 12 survey offices in the country. 79 cities take care
of the cadastral surveys and mapping in their urban areas.
The Population Register Centre is responsible of the Building
Population Register Centre operates under the Ministry of Interior
and National Land Survey under the Ministry of Agriculture and
The constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany accords responsibility
for legislation around the land register to the Federal Republic
whereas the states make the laws concerning the property cadastre.
Interstate bodies (working group of state survey agencies) ensure
uniformity of the property cadastre.
The land registration offices are part of the administration
of justice in the 16 German states. The jurisdiction of the land
registry officials, the form of establishing and maintaining the
land register are manifested in the GBO and in additional orders
of the federal minister of justice. The regulations of the organisation
of the land registry are given by the states' ministries of justice.
The land registries are part of the local courts. They are responsible
The Housing, Planning and Lands Bureau steers the government
policy on land use, land supply, property development, public
and private housing, building regulations and so on. The Lands
Department is responsible for the administration of the disposal,
acquisition and management of land, and the Survey and Mapping
Office (SMO) is one of the three functional units under the department.
SMO is the custodian of land boundary record for the government
and its head is assigned the Land Survey Authority under the Land
Survey Ordinance. Many land related data are kept by different
departments, for examples, Planning Department keeps the legal
land use data, Rating and Valuation Department keeps real property
valuation data, Land Registry keeps the register of deeds and
The 116 District Land Offices, the institutional network of the
Unified Land Registry System under the Ministry of Agriculture,
are responsible for maintaining, updating cadastral maps and legal
data (ownership and other rights, mortgage, easements, restrictions).
20 County Land Offices second instance offices and also responsible
to supervise district land office activities. The Institute of
Surveying Cartography and Remote Sensing, a national agency, is
responsible for maintaining national control point network and
also topographic mapping.
As a central govt. organization, Survey of India was involved
in cadastral surveys in India from its inception to till 1904.
After that, the responsibility of cadastral surveys was assigned
to state governments. However, survey of India is providing technological
know how to state government in the matter of cadastral surveys.
Each state is adopting their own methods of cadastral surveys
and mainly emphasis is given to the legal aspects, which are connected
with rights, khasara, khatauni etc.
As a unity state, Indonesia maintains centralized parcel-based
land administration offices in each City/Regency, which are mostly
still manual today. Indeed, there are 38 regency and municipality
land offices and 15 provincial land administration offices running
a Land Office Computerization (LOC) projects, but they are still
partly manual. The National Land Agency (BPN) is responsible for
land administration. According to Presidential Decree No. 26 Year
1988, BPN is a Non-Departmental Government Agency that has tasks
"BPN is to assist the President in developing and managing land
administration, based on the Basic Agrarian Law and other related
laws and regulations that include regulating land use, land holding,
and land ownership, land titling services, land surveying and
land registration, and other activities related to land issues
based on the President's policy".
Survey of Israel (SOI)
The Survey of Israel (SOI) is a National Center for Mapping,
Geodesy, Cadastre and Geoinformatics. SOI belongs to the ministry
of Construction and Housing. The SOI is the ...
The Land Registry Office (LRO)
The land registry office (Ministry of Justice) is the governmental
institution, which has the responsibility for registration of
legal rights in real property. The scope of its activity is over
The Israeli Land Administration (ILA)
Israel has a unique structure of land administration, because
of historical reasons. The government is the owner of about 93%
of the land, which is leased to the public by ...
The Cadastral Office centralized all cadastral maps in Iran at
the Capital (Tehran). But during few years ago the main provinces
(at least 11 ones) in Iran established their divisions within
the Province. They are going to collect the data for provincial
cadastre and manipulating data and solving the problems within
Land registration: Legal Affairs Bureau, District Legal
Affairs Bureau, Brach Bureau and Branch Office of Ministry of
Cadastral surveying: National Land Survey Division, Land
and Water Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport,
and Division of Cadastral Survey in each prefecture and each municipality.
The Department of Lands and Survey (DLS) is the agency responsible
for both the land registration and the cadastral surveying on
a national level, with 32 land registry offices and 17 surveying
groups. DLS is under the umbrella of the Ministry of Finance.
The Government Land Management Division is responsible for all
Government owned and leasehold properties. In addition it's also
responsible for customary freehold and private lands. It managed
and paid annual lease rentals to landowners and provides advice
to councils on planning and land use issues. The general land
planning responsibilities has just recently been handed over by
Government to urban councils on Tarawa the capital and most urbanized
The Division has developed in 1998 a computerized land information
system. The hard-text original freehold land registers that recorded
landowner names, traditional hamlet names and plot numbers have
Korea (Rep. of):
Cadastral research is mainly done by academic institutes and
"Cadastral Technology Training & Research Institute" (CTTRI) in
KCSC. The subjects, which are taught, are cadastral laws, cadastral
computerization, cadastral information system, GPS technology,
land administration, real estate, and career education. Governmental
organization for cadastre is belongs to the cadastral departments
in "Ministry of Government Administration & Home Affairs" (MOGAHA)
and local governments. Main duties of the cadastral departments
in the local governments are to provide cadastral services such
as land registration and examination of cadastral records to the
public. Cadastral surveys are done exclusively by KCSC.
Registration of land and buildings and cadastral surveying that
is carried out on the national level, is responsibility of two
governmental institutions under the Ministry of Justice.
The State Land Service (SLS) of the Republic of Latvia is governmental
institution, which is in charge of implementation of land reform,
maintenance of National Real Estate Cadastre, Address register
and the information system of protective zones, as well as valuation
of real estates, cadastral surveying of buildings and performance
of other related functions. SLS has 8 regional offices.
Until 2006 State Land Service performed also surveying and mapping
functions. In the result of reorganization of SLS that took place
Real property cadastre and registration activities are carried
out on the national level, this task being delegated to the State
Enterprise Centre of Registers (Centre of Registers). The Centre
of Registers is a governmental agency under the Ministry of Justice
engaged in the following main activities: administration of Real
Property Cadastre and Register, the Register of Legal Entities,
the registration of real property objects and rights in them,
the registration of legal entities, the appraisal of real property,
cadastral surveying and providing official information on registered
real property and rights to it, and about legal entities, also
is responsible for addresses, and maintenance of the Register
of Administrative Units, Settlements and Streets and ...
The Land Registry under the Secretary for Administration and
Justice is responsible for land registration and Cartography and
Cadastre Bureau under the Secretary for Transport and Public Works
is responsible for cadastral surveying.
Peninsular Malaysia is a federation of States, each of which
is responsible for its own land matters. All States operate a
Torrens system of registration, administered by the State Land
Offices and coordinated by the Department of Land and Mines. On
the other hand, cadastral surveys are controlled by the Department
of Survey and Mapping, Malaysia (DSMM) which is a federal department.
DSMM is responsible for undertaking cadastral survey work within
Peninsular Malaysia but is supported by a growing number of licensed
land surveyors, whom are primarily responsible for engineering
and subdivision surveys.
Notwithstanding the above, the cadastre in the states of Sabah
and Sarawak are administered by the Department of Land and Surveys
(DLS). They have the ideal setup of having land administration
and cadastral surveys under the control of a single organisation,
which is a State entity.
SECRETARIAT OF AGRARIAN REFORM
Providing of juridical certainty in the land tenure to the object
population, by impulsing the territorial ordering and the rural
property regularization as well as elaborating public policies
to foster access to justice and integral agrarian development,
by permanent training and the organization of agrarian subjects
as fundamental entities of the first link in the national productive
process, in order to help social activities that may propitiate
rural welfare, with the consequent care in the preservation of
environment and natural resources.
NATIONAL AGRARIAN RECORD
It is a deconcentrated unit of the Secretariat of Agrarian ...
The agencies responsible for land registration and cadastral
surveying fall under the Ministry of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation.
These include Surveyor-General and Registrar of Deeds, each with
their own jurisdiction of administration. Both agencies are organised
as Directorates and they are located in Windhoek. A second deeds
registry is established in the area of Rehoboth. However, the
Ministry of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation is presently
preparing legislation for abolishing the registry and include
the area within the national system.
Survey Department works under the Ministry of Land Reform and
Management. The other Departments of the Ministry are Department
of Land Reform and Management, Department of Land Information
and Archive and Land Management Training Centre. Besides, Guthi
(Trust) Corporation is also one of the organization belongs to
the Ministry. Survey Department has three Branches namely Geodetic
Survey, Cadastral Survey and Topographical Survey Branches. Furthermore,
the department has 83 Survey Offices in 75 districts, where there
is at least one office in each districts. The Cadastral Survey
Branch has 9 mobile Survey parties called Goswaras. The Goswara
conducts the Cadastral Survey and after completion of mapping
work in the district it hand over the field books and maps to
Survey Office of the district and other related documents (Srestas)
to District Revenue Office of Department of Land Reform and Management.
Land registration and cadastral mapping are tasks at national
level, assigned by mandate (Civil Code and Cadastre Act) to the
Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency. As said earlier, this
organisation formed since its establishment in 1838 a department
of the Ministry of Finance. However, under the political expectation
that land information played more and more a role in many other
government activities (specially in planning and environment)
the Council of Ministers decided to shift the department to the
Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment in 1974.
In the same period it was decided to move the land taxation from
the national to municipal level, which is still is. In 1994 the
Council of Ministers decided to transfer the department into a
The survey system is administered by a central Government agency
(Land Information New Zealand) which also has responsibility for
Land titles, Crown land, valuation, topographic mapping and hydrography.
There is a Surveyor-General responsible for the national control
system and regulation of cadastral surveying and associated databases.
The geodetic and cadastral survey and land transfer systems are
now largely digitally managed, with a continuous digital cadastral
map of the whole country. This is called the Landonline system,
which was commenced in 1996 and completed at the end of 2002.
Cadastral surveys have in the main always been well connected
to and integrated with the triangulation system.
There is a Government appointed Cadastral Surveyors Licensing
Board responsible for licensing surveyors. This succeeds the Survey
Board first established in 1901.
The Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority (NMCA) under the
Ministry of Environment, was founded in 1773. NMCA is the national
supplier and manager of geographic information covering land,
coastal and territorial waters. The basic activity is to establish
and manage the national geodata infrastructure, "Norway digital".
Important content of Norway digital are the geodetic network,
primary data sets and basic standards. NMCA comprises the following
units: Land Mapping division, Geodetic institute, Hydrographic
service and Cadastre & Land registry. The operation of the cadastre
is supervised by the NMCA.
All the tasks before the field survey can start and until the
property registration, mapping and documentation are accomplished,
are the responsibility of the municipalities in Norway. Coordination
of government measures relating to the municipalities, legal matters
and the interpretation of legislation concerning municipalities
and municipality boundaries are done by the Ministry of Local
Government and Regional Development, the Regional Development
In the Philippines, the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources (DENR) thru the Lands Management Bureau/Lands Management
Services, is mandated to administer and manage public lands, government
owned lands and all other lands not placed under other government
agencies by virtue of Commonwealth Act 141, as amended, otherwise
known as the Public Land Act, Cadastral Act 2259, Republic Act
No. 6657 otherwise known as Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law.
There are two (2) processes of acquiring title, one is judicial
and the other is administrative. In judicial titling there are
two (2) proceedings, one is ordinary judicial proceeding which
is governed by Property ...
The agencies responsible for land registration and cadastral
surveying fall under the National Department of Land Affairs.
These agencies include four Surveyors-General and 9 Deeds Registry
Offices, each with their own jurisdiction of administration.
Existing System:- Government Agent is the custodian of state
land in the District (25 for the whole country) and a variety
of registers under different statutory provisions are maintained
by him. The plans in respect of state lands are prepared by the
Survey Department. Records pertaining to proceedings under the
partition Act and those for declaration of title is filed in the
courts. Records pertaining to the Registration of Deeds (and the
areas surveyed under the act passed in 1877) are maintained in
the Land Registries under the Registrar General.
System under Act 21 of 1998:- Parliament has passed the Act No.
21 of 1998 for registration of Title to land and now it is being
Lantmäteriet is a governmental authority responsible for real
property formation and official real property and geographic information
in Sweden. In government, it is represented through Ministry of
Environment. It has a regional organisation in each county and
local offices in municipalities. Some bigger municipalities also
have offices for real property formation (about 38). Lantmäteriet
is responsible for the land information system supporting cadastral
and land registration.
Land registration (title registration) is a responsibility of
special local courts, at the moment 7 courts. They update the
land registry, which is an integrated part of the land information
system. Taxation authorities are responsible for the Real Property
Taxation Registry and the Population Registry, which both are
linked to the land information system through the real property
designation. A governmental investigation has recently proposed
that the responsibility for land registration should move from
the courts to Lantmäteriet.
The organizations involved in the cadastre are situated on the
different administrative levels - federal and cantonal - and have
different tasks and functions. For cadastral surveying, the Federal
Directorate for Cadastral Surveying (V+D) has mainly the responsibility
of supervising the cantonal surveying agencies (KVA). Those KVA's
have the responsibility to implement cadastral surveying and have
chosen different, although similar solutions in carrying it out:
a few Cantons carry out cadastral surveying by administrative
units on their own, but most of them contract the field work as
well as the maintenance of surveying data and cadastral maps to
private land surveyor offices, which then are acting as public
agents on behalf of the Cantons. ...
The Registrar of Titles undertakes Land registration. Cadastral
Surveying is administered by the Surveys and Mapping. Government
Surveyors and Licensed Private Surveyors do cadastral surveying.
Both the Land Registry and the Surveys and Mapping Division are
housed under one Ministry, namely; the Ministry of Lands and Human
See part 'A' on Country Context above for more.
In Turkey, the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre,
which is under the Ministry of Construction, is authorized to
regulate the basis of rules of cadastral surveying and mapping
affairs. The Land Registry and Cadastre has been making large-scale
maps in the scale of 1/5000, 1/2000, 1/1000, 1/500. Also the mapping
department of Provincial Bank is recognized as another organization
which is making topographic maps at scale of 1/1000 for some of
the needs of the municipalities. Each organization has their own
archives in graphical forms (maps) but only a very limited amount
is in digital form.
The Organization under administration of Director General with
its central organization constituted by 13 departments forming
main service, control, supporting and advisory units has provincial
organization which is constituted by 15 Regional Directorates
and 1001 District Land Registry Directorships and 313 Cadastral
Directorships under the supervision of Regional Directorates.
The Uzbek land registration administration consists of two Government
organisations: State Committee of Land Resources (Goscomzem) and
Main Administration of Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre
at the Cabinet of Ministers (Uzgeodescadastre).
The responsibilities between them are allotted in the following
- Goscomzem is responsible for cadastre and registration of
- Uzgeodescadastre is responsible for cadastre and registration
of lands in urban areas and also (through the incorporation
of the BTI services) for the registration of rights to buildings
- Instituto Geográfico de Venezuela Simón Bolívar (IGVSB), ente
rector en materia catastral adscrito al Ministerio del Ambiente
y de los Recursos Naturales (MARN). Tiene competencia nacional
y cuenta con oficinas regionales que a su vez prestan servicio
a varias entidades federales.
- La Dirección Nacional de Registros y del Notariado (DNRN)
depende del Ministerio del Interior y Justicia y tiene la responsabilidad
de garantizar la seguridad jurídica y publicar las actas inscritas
y anotadas relacionadas con la propiedad y otros derechos reales
que afectan los bienes inmuebles.
- Los municipios como agentes de ejecución catastral, los cuales
deben disponer de una Oficina Municipal de Catastro (OMC) que
se encargará de crear, ejecutar, oficializar y conservar el