There isn't specific licensing regime for cadastral surveying
professionals working in the cadastral system. University degree
The provinces have delegated control of the professional activities
in institutions integrated by the professionals of their jurisdictions.
Such institutions, that are FADA' members, verify the required
conditions for carrying out professionals' tasks.
There is one Institution for each province and one for the autonomous
city of Buenos Aires. In some cases they group together land surveyors,
engineers and other related professions.
Surveyor's or Survey Acts and Regulations in each jurisdiction
identify guidelines for licensing and registration of cadastral
surveyors and the undertaking of cadastral surveys. Under the
Reciprocating Surveyor's Board of Australia and New Zealand persons
registered by a Board in any State of Australia or New Zealand,
can apply for registration in any other State of Australia or
New Zealand under a reciprocity agreement (Mutual Recognition
A person applying for registration must be issued with a certificate
of competency in cadastral surveying which typically requires
12 to 24 months under a training agreement with another registered
surveyor and in addition must pass some further professional examinations
and practical exercises supervised by the Board of Surveyors.
To enter training agreements persons are required to hold a degree
approved by the Board of Surveyors.
The access to the Austrian profession "Ziviltechniker"
(comprises Architects and Chartered Engineering Consultants) is
regulated by a federal law (Ziviltechnikergesetz) requiring
the following qualifications:
- University degree in architecture; technological, scientific
and mining areas; areas connected with environmental and soil
- Professional practice of at least three years (after graduation).
One of these three years has to be passed as an employee working
under the instructions of the employer.
- Licensing Examination ("Ziviltechnikerprüfung")
The Licensing Examination is a public oral examination ...
The cadastral surveying professionals must have the academic
- "surveyor" or
- "engineer surveyor" or
- "geomatics engineer".
Brunei Licence Surveyors act is being used for licencing and
registration of Cadastral surveyors.
Currently, there is not a licensing system in place for cadastral
surveying professionals working in the cadastral system. The Land
Management and Administration Project will support the Ministry
of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction to prepare
a draft private surveying sub-decree to provide the legal basis
for the private sector profession with a goal that most or all
land surveys will be done by private sector.
In China, qualifications for cadastre surveying are authorized
by administrative offices of surveying and mapping. Relevant certificates
are organization-oriented, so licensed only to companies or public
services, not people engaged. Individual surveyors with required
background of education and practice may apply for and be issued
professional qualification certificate, but not license for undertaking
cadastre surveying on their own.
here is a licensing system in place for Cadastral Surveying Professionals.
To become a licensed surveyor there is a demand to be a member
of the Rural and Surveying Engineers Section of the Cyprus Scientific
and Technical Chamber and have at least one year experience in
According to the Survey Act private surveyors are entitled to
carry out survey activities on certain conditions. Enterprising
in this field are bound on trade license according
to the Trade Law. Education in surveying and praxis (5 years or
3 years in case of graduated surveyors) are basic conditions for
giving this license.
Beside that all results of survey activities used for the cadastre
and for the state map series must be verified by a person with
the official authorization. The Czech Office for
Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre can give this authorization to
a person fulfilling the following conditions: university degree
in surveying, five years of praxis, passing a special examination.
Cadastral work, or surveying for legal purposes, in Denmark is
a monopoly of licensed surveyors in private practice. The Minister
of the Environment grants the license to surveyors after having
completed a five-year University degree, M.Sc. in Surveying, Planning
and Land Management, and having worked for a private surveying
firm for three years. There is no further examination to be passed.
The Surveyor's Act (Cap 260) of Fiji and subsidiary Regulations
contain guidelines for registration of cadastral surveyors and
the practice of cadastral surveying.
The Surveyors Registration Board is responsible for surveyor's
registration in Fiji in accordance with the Surveyors Act (Cap
Any person, who satisfies the Board that he is of good character
and reputation shall be entitled to be registered as a surveyor
in Fiji, provided he possesses appropriate qualifications and
experience as may be acceptable to the Board. An annual registration
fee of $50.00 is levied accordingly.
The minimum qualification is a university degree in surveying.
No licensing. The cadastral surveys are carried out by civil
servants of the state or the municipalities. The requirements
for the surveying engineers are stated in legislation. You need
a bachelor's degree or an academic university degree in order
to act as a cadastral surveyor.
Each state has its own licensing law for private licensed surveyors.
The prerequisites for getting a license for one specific state
is a university diploma for surveying and an education for becoming
a civil servant with a final examination.
A land surveying division corporate member of the Hong Kong Institute
of Surveyors may apply for the Registered Professional Surveyor
after one year of local practice and Authorised Land Surveyor
after one year of local cadastral surveying practice. Both registration
boards are formed under the Professional Surveyors' Registration
Ordinance and Land Survey Ordinance respectively.
Authorised Land Surveyor needs to renew their annual practice
license from the Survey Authority.
Cadastral surveying, cadastral work for legal purpose is the
monopoly of licensed surveyors in Hungary. The majority of cadastral
surveys, mapping have been carrying out by the private sector.
The Institute of Surveying Cartography and Remote Sensing (FÖMI)
under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development issues
the license to surveyors.
There is no concept of licensing and registration of cadastral
surveyors in India. In fact the government surveyors of state/center
are carrying out all the cadastral survey.
Land registration in Indonesia is conducted based on the Article
19 Law No. 5 Year 1960 (UUPA) and Government Regulation No. 24
Year 1997. The specific regulation identifies guidelines for licensing
and registration of private cadastral surveyors and the undertaking
of cadastral survey by the private sectors is the State Ministry
of Agrarian Affairs/Head of BPN Regulation No. 2 Year 1998.
A license is necessary to carry out geodetic surveying. Nowadays,
there are about 1100 licensed surveyors in Israel (including retired
ones). The requirements for getting a license are set in "Surveyors
Regulations (The Surveying Profession)" legislated in 1982. For
obtaining a license, the candidate should complete both university
studies in geodetic engineering and a two year long professional
training, with the guidance of an experienced senior surveyor.
The training should be focused on preparation of mutation plans.
There are a number of further conditions for obtaining a license.
The candidate must be a citizen of the state of Israel, he/she
has to be graduated in geodetic engineering. A B.Sc. Degree in
civil engineering may also be accepted after the completion of
university studies in obligatory geodetic subjects. Finally, the
candidate has to be examined on some special ...
Management and Planning Organization identify guidelines for
licensing and registration of (cadastral) land surveyors. A firm
applying for registration must be issued with a certificate of
competency in cadastral surveying which is issued by Management
and Planning Organization (MPO) and in addition must pass some
further professional examinations and practical exercises supervised
by the Board of Surveying engineers. An expert who has the Geomatic
background could take part in the examination to get the certification
from courthouse (for the period of time) to solve the disputes
between the claims if the court wants to know which one has a
right. This certification must be renewed after a period of time.
There is no license for cadastral surveying. But a license "registered
surveyor" is necessary to carry out geodetic surveying. Examination
is the requirement to get a license "registered surveyor".
Licensing of surveyors is according to by-law that regulates
this profession (Cadastral Surveying). The surveyor should have
no less than 2 years diploma in surveying after high school and
no less than 2 years practical work and 6 months of training for
surveying engineers and 7 / 2 years for surveyors with 2 years
diploma. All must pass an examination.
The Division under its current staff establishment employed 6
qualified surveyors who should at least have a certificate in
surveying qualification. In addition 6 survey technicians who
were usually new recruits would be trained on the job for one
year before they are permitted to carry out simple cadastral work
under the close supervision of qualified surveyors. Completed
cadastral surveys however are checked and approved by the Chief
Surveyor. The main responsibility of qualified surveyors apart
from undertaking more pragmatic surveys was to ensure that cadastral
surveys meets set specifications and follows standard directions
before submission for approval.
Korea (Rep. of):
The license of cadastral surveying is issued by the national
human resource management organization and divided into three
levels, namely low-level technician, engineer and expert engineer.
The examination of license involves the practice and theory of
cadastral surveying and cadastral law etc. To be a cadastral officer
in governmental organization, he/she has to pass an special examination
for service. All cadastral engineers have an additional training
program by the yearly plan. The cadastral engineer must be a government
officer or an employee of KCSC for cadastral surveying and needs
In Latvia, cadastral surveying and land utilization system works
can be carried out only by licensed legal entities, certified
natural persons and by State Limited Company "Latvia State Surveyor".
Licensing Commission of SLS issues special license to legal entities
for a period of 1 up to 5 years. It is required that at least
½ out of members of executive institution shall have higher education
in some kind of licensed activity and experience at some of the
to-be-licensed type of work for at least 3 years during the period
of last 7 years. Not less than ¼ out of total number of employees
shall have higher education in some the to-be-licensed type of
Latvian Society of Surveyors (LSS) issues certificates ...
Only licensed surveyors are entitled to conduct cadastral surveying
of land and buildings. The National Land Service under the Ministry
of Agriculture issues the licenses to legal entities, the head
thereof have relevant university or college education and the
duration of theoretic and practical course on geodesy and cartography
within the studies makes at least 200 hours. The specialists working
with cadastral surveying should also have university or college
education and relevant qualification. The companies should have
proper surveying equipment, hardware and tolls for processing
surveying data. On 1 December 2003 the number of issued licenses
At present, there is no licensing system for cadastral surveying
professionals. But a university degree in surveying is the prerequisite
for entering the professional field as a surveyor and a 2-year
diploma degree in surveying for assistant surveyors.
Land surveyors (with the exception of those serving with DSMM
or DLS, in the case of Sabah and Sarawak) carrying out cadastral
surveys are required by law to be licensed by the Land Surveyors
Board of Peninsular Malaysia (LSBPM), and in the case of Sabah
- the Land Surveyors Board of Sabah. Sarawak does not, up to now
institute a Land Surveyors Board of its own, and as a consequence
cadastral surveys were placed under the jurisdiction of the Sarawak
Department of Land and Surveys. While it is not a legal requirement
in the case of topographical and engineering surveys as yet, registration
with the LSBPM is insisted upon by most clients and all government
It is a statutory requirement that the Board (LSBPM) keeps a
According to a research made to the interior of the National
Association of Universities and Institutions for Higher Degrees
in Mexico, no specialized area for licentiate degree in cadastral
surveying was identified. Source: National Association of Universities
and Institutions for Higher Degrees (ANUIES: Asociación Nacional
de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior), Mexico,
April 2004, http://www.anuies.mx/index800.html.
Registration with the Namibian Council for Professional Land
Surveyors, Technical Surveyors and Survey Technicians is required
for performing cadastral surveys. In order to qualify for registration,
candidates must have a four-year university degree in land surveying,
followed by a practical articled period and the passing of a survey
First attempt in Land (survey & measurement) Acts 1999 (Eight
Amendments) has a provision to award License to qualified Surveyors,
but it is not yet applied due to lack of rules and regulation
regarding the process, qualification of the surveyor, terms and
conditions to honor the license, etc. It is expected to start
the system as early as possible.
There is no licensing system in place. All cadastral surveying
is performed by employees of the Agency (civil servants).
The Cadastral Survey Act 2002 introduced a form of renewable
licence, to replace the previous system of registration. The requirements
for licensing are similar to registration, being a four year bachelor's
degree in surveying plus 2 years post graduate experience and
a final professional examination. In addition licensing has to
be renewed every 3 years and requires demonstration of ongoing
Norway has no licensing system and no private licensed surveyors.
The Land Subdivision Act does not demand any license or specific
education for the surveyor in charge. Most municipalities have
employed engineers with 2 - 3 years of adequate education, but
there are major differences.
The Board of Geodetic Engineers under the Professional Regulation
Commission (PRC) is tasked to give examinations to the aspiring
geodetic engineers. Basically, there are five (5) subjects covered
by the licensure exam, to wit: Mathematics, Geodesy, Land Laws,
Cartography and Theory and Practice.
The examination is held twice a year, every February and August.
In order to be eligible to take the exam, an applicant must be
a holder of Bachelor Degree in Geodetic Engineering (BSGE).
There is no licensing system. Registration with the South African
Council for Professional and Technical Surveyors, as stated above,
is required for performing cadastral surveys. To qualify for registration,
candidates must have a four-year University degree in Land Surveying,
followed by a practical articled period and the passing of further
survey law exams.
Under the Survey Act 17 of 2002, Land Survey Council has been
established. The Major functions of the Land Council are; Registration
of surveyors, Issue of Annual Practicing Licenses to Surveyors,
Maintaining standards and procedures relating to land surveying
and inquiries relating to professional misconduct and related
matters of registered surveyors. Survey Acts and Regulations in
each jurisdiction identify guidelines for licensing and registration
of cadastral surveyors and the undertaking of cadastral surveys.
There is no licensing system. There is a demand on competence
to work as head of a cadastral office, which is at least 2 years
relevant practice and a Master Degree in land surveying/land administration.
With the introduction of the land registration system in 1910,
the Confederation also introduced a regulation for the licensing
of cadastral surveyors. Only licensed land surveyors can carry
out cadastral surveying. The practical examinations are being
carried out under the responsibility of the Federal Directorate
of Cadastral Surveying (V+D). The first examination has been held
in 1913 and there are some 10-15 candidates on average that pass
the licensing exams annually.
The licensed land surveyor can carry out cadastral surveying
in any of the 26 Cantons. Although they are mostly operating in
the private sector, they are public agents, bound by regulations
There is a licensing system of cadastral surveyors. Before a
surveyor can be licensed he/she must be registered as either a
Fully or Temporarily Registered Surveyor (i.e. FRS or TRS). Conditions
for Full Registration are BSc degree in Land Surveying or equivalent,
approved working experience acquired over a period of at least
5 years, independent recommendations of good ethical standing
in professional practice, and passing an interview conducted by
the National Council of Professional Surveyors (NCPS). The NCPS
is a statutory government agency established under the provisions
of the Professional Surveyors (Registration) Act No. 2 of 1977.
There are at present (2005) 28 Surveying Companies in private
practice in the country.
There is no individual licensing system in Turkey but there are
two necessities for cadastral surveying professionals working
in the cadastral system. One of them is graduate degree of 'Department
of Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering' (4-year bachelor degree)
the other one is to became a membership of Turkish Chamber of
are not liable to licensing. At the same time, in according with
legislation, geodetic, cartographic, valuation activities are liable
to licensing, it means that cadastral surveys demand licensing.
Licenses for geodetic and cartographic activity are granted by Government
and licenses for valuation work are granted by the State Property
Committee. Licenses are granted to juridical and physical persons
for five years, taking into consideration the educational basis,
experience of work and also material support.
||No existe licenciamiento
en materia de topografía catastral.