There are twelve Universities offering the degree of Land surveyor.
Approximately five students per University graduate each year.
Surveying programs are offered at nine universities, in 6 jurisdictions
of Australia, as a 4-year bachelor degree of Geomatics, Geomatics
Engineering, Spatial Information or Surveying. The degrees offered,
increasingly covering broader topics of spatial information, have
maintained the prerequisite for entering the professional field
as a registered or licensed surveyor. Current student numbers
graduating annually from Australian universities is approximately
250, with about 40 graduating postgraduate students involved in
surveying or related spatial research areas. About 30% of students
studying at an undergraduate level are women.
At university level two universities in Vienna and Graz offer
education in geodesy, geoinformation, land management and surveying
in a full program. The study is made up of six terms (semesters)
Bachelor study with a following Master's study with a duration
of 4 semesters. Besides, the baccalaureate is concluded with the
academic degree Bakk.techn. and the Magisterium with the graduate
in civil engineering Dipl.-Ing.
||Bachelors Degree or comparable "Surveyor"
||Masters Degree "Engineer Surveyor"
|| "Geomatics Engineer"
|Number of Univer-sities/Institutions
|Duration of the program
||BAC + 3 years
||BAC + 4 years **
||BAC + 5 years
|Number of students that finished their degree
(Ref.: year 2000)
** In accordance with the agreement of Bologne BAC + 5 years
+ a compulsory training period of 2 years (see http://www.geometer-europas).
Surveying programs up to technician level is currently provided
in MTTSR technical College, further studies available overseas
e.g. U.K., Canada and Malaysia.
Between 1992-97, the former Land Titles Department had conducted
the diploma degree on cadastre at the Prek Leap Agriculture Collage
and systematic in-house training is taking place permanently.
In 2002, the Land Management and Administration Faculty was established
in the Royal Agriculture University in Phnom Penh under the support
of the Land Management and Administration Project. The support
covers curriculum development, a professor exchange program, a
building, furniture and office equipment, and equipment to train
students in surveying and land management. The Faculty has two
degrees: Bachelor degree is four years and Diploma degree is two
The education system for land management and cadastre surveying
in China is multi-level, including higher education, secondary
education, vocational education and adult education. Several universities
offer bachelor's and master's programs for land resources administration,
surveying, mapping and geographic information system, for example,
Renmin University of China, Wuhan University, Nanjing University,
Tongji University, they enroll about 3,000 students each year
in these domains. Doctoral programs are also available in some
universities. Technical schools have mapping, land-surveying courses
for training technicians for cadastre. Both universities and secondary
technical schools may offer short-term training and correspondence
In Cyprus there is no university offering a degree for cadastral
surveying professionals. Most of the licensed surveyors are graduated,
after following a five-year course, from the National Technical
University of Athens or the Technical University of Thessaloniki.
There are 5 technical universities offering degrees in surveying
(5 year study). Average annual number of graduating students is
Surveyors can only obtain their education at Aalborg University
as a five-year course of study for a M.Sc. in Surveying, Planning
and Land Management. The curriculum consists of one year of basic
studies followed by two years of general studies and examinations
in the main fields of surveying and mapping, GIS, cadastre and
land-use management, and spatial planning. During the last two
years of studies the students have the opportunity of specialising
in certain fields of the surveying profession. The final half-year
term takes the form of a final project for the dissertation thesis.
About 30 students graduate each year.
A cadet survey training system to recruit new surveyors was in
place since the 1950s, and had produced competent surveyors. Most
of surveyors in Fiji today are the product of this cadet system.
The cadet system was however abandoned in the 1980s because of
the rapid changes and developments in the surveying industry,
as this system was not equipped to sustain the modern and growing
technology, which was changing at a very rapid rate.
While the rest of the world takes survey education and Continuing
Professional Education (CPD) for granted, surveyors in Fiji struggle
to maintain their standards and the lack of an education system
makes matters worse.
Survey education is not offered at the University of the South
Master degree in eng.: 1 University with 40 graduates
Lawyers: 3 Universities
Bachelors in eng.: 3 Polytechnics with 75 graduates
At university level 9 universities offer education in geodesy,
geoinformation, land management and surveying in a full program.
The average duration of the programs are 5 years and about 260
graduates finish their studies annually. The degree is called
Diplom-Ingenieur and is comparable to MSc.
At the BSc level 17 universities offer a 4 years program with
approximately 580 graduates who finish their studies annually.
At technician level Germany has a system of apprenticeship trainings.
The apprentices are employees at surveying companies, licensed
surveyors or the public sector. There they have a training on
the job. In additional courses in schools they are provided with
the theoretical know how for their job. This apprenticeship has
a duration from about 3 years and ends with an examination.
Current applicants to the Land Survey Division of the HKIS needs
a land survey degree from the Department of Land Surveying and
Geo-Informatics or any other land surveying degrees which is acceptable
to the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors in England. Hong
Kong produces in average 30 land surveying degree holders per
There are two universities providing education and diploma in
surveying. The Budapest Technical University has a five years
course of study for MSc. in Surveying and IT knowledge. The course
is rather theoretical teaching traditional subjects and IT, GIS
knowledge. About 30 students graduate annually.
The West Hungarian University College of Geoinformatics in Székesfehérvár
has three years course of study gives BSc. graduation. There are
three faculties: land surveying, land consolidation, land registry
matters. About 40-50 students graduate in regular course and 20-30
in correspondence course annually.
Survey programs are offered at all Indian university in 4 years
bachelor degree of civil engineering. There are postgraduate level
study in geoinformation and surveying in few selected universities
in India. Beside, Survey of India has got Survey Training Institute
where various level courses are run in surveying and mapping for
the departmental officers and staff, state/central government
sponsored candidate and private students. Trainees from neighbouring
countries are also getting training in the Institute. The course
for surveying and mapping, GIS/LIS, digital mapping, printing
and modern technology are run in the institute.
Surveying programs are offered at two state universities and
one private university, but for the spatial information programs
are more widespread offered at many state and private universities
especially in Java Island.
The independence of Israel in 1948 brought with it an accelerated
development with a great demand for surveying and mapping services
on a scale previously unknown. One of the first steps taken was
the establishment of a survey school to satisfy the need for surveyors.
University education became a prerequisite for a surveyor license,
which undoubtedly improved the status of the profession and its
practitioners. Research, applicationally oriented, became a necessity
for keeping abreast of scientific and technological development.
A basic condition to become a licensed surveyor is to be graduated
in geodetic engineering (4 years) or in surveying (3 years) from
the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology or from a recognized
institution of high education abroad. ...
The Cadastral Office has sent a lot of students (around 3,000)
to the universities such as: Tehran, Khajenasir-addin, Azad, and
so on to get the degrees (BSc & Msc in Geomatics, Surveying Mapping,
Photogrammetry, Cartography ...). About 10% of them studying at
these universities are women.
There are some lectures to train the staff of municipality hosted
by National Land Survey Division or ALL Japan Land Survey Association.
There is no university with the education system for cadastral
There are several colleges that offer 2 years diploma in surveying
and only one university that offers bachelor in Geomatics and
Surveying Engineering. The annual number of university graduates
is about 30 and of diploma graduates is about 56 students.
Survey training was undertaken at overseas institutions since
none is available in Kiribati. Prior the ethnic unrest in the
Solomon Islands our technicians were usually send there for certificate
training. Outstanding staff would then pursue further training
for Bachelor degree either at the PNG University of Technology
or in Australia. Currently there are 3 staff in office with Bachelor
degree in surveying. Two qualified from the PNG Unitech and one
from Queensland University of Technology. At certificate level
we have 3 qualified surveyors from TAFE(Tasmania), New Zealand
and Honiara Collage of Higher Education respectively. Due to funding
and limited in-service Government training offers it has been
difficult recently to send our surveyors for overseas training.
Other agencies however such as the Australian Open Equity scholarships
offered through AusAid has been an alternative source for funding
for our trainee surveyor to undertake survey training mainly in
Korea (Rep. of):
The Korea cadastral education system has 3 levels, those are
high school, college and university, to bring up a skilled technical
and engineering human resources who study the land management,
cadastral administration system and cadastral surveying both theory
Table 2: Cadastral Education Organization (Dec. 2002).
No. of Org.
No. of Freshman
In Latvia, two universities offer education in cadastral surveying
and land surveying programs.
Latvian Agricultural University offers 4-year academic bachelor
program in land surveying with engineering bachelor degree in
land surveying and 5-year professional program in land surveying
with engineer degree. Post-graduate 2-year program is available
with MSc. ing. degree. From 2001 until 2005 average annual number
of graduating students with bachelor degree was 19, with MSc degree
Riga Technical University offers 3-year bachelor program in geodesy
and cartography with engineering bachelor degree ...
At the university level the Lithuanian Agricultural University
offers the education in real property cadastre, register and surveying.
In the year 2002 about 50 BSc and about 28 MSc graduated the university.
The Vilnius Gediminas Technical University offers the education
in real property cadastre, geodesy and cartography for the BSc
and MSc level courses, where in 2002 about 50 BSc and 20 MSc graduate
At the college level the Kaunas College, the Kaunas College of
Forestry and Environment Engineering, the Vilnius College of Construction
and Design and the Kretinga Higher Agricultural School offer education
in land management, cadastre, geodesy and engineering. Studies
last for 3 years and in 2002 about 100 students graduated these
||The Survey and
Cadastre School affiliated to Cartography and Cadastre Bureau offers
a 2-year diploma program in surveying. Over the years, more than
200 students have graduated from the school. Some of them have entered
the field of surveying and others have found their places in various
sectors of the society, dedicating their knowledge and expertise
to the building and development of Macao's thriving economy. So
far, there is no local institution offering bachelor degree in surveying.
All professional surveyors obtained their degrees from overseas
The professional surveyor is required to undergo and receive
an effective and proper formal surveying education in a tertiary
institution. Surveying programmes are offered at two universities,
namely the University of Technology Malaysia (UTM), and University
Institut Teknologi MARA (UiTM). At both universities, the land
surveying course is designed in such a way that it blends academic
requirements with the overall government policy on education and
other requirements considered beneficial to the nation. About
40 graduated annually from both universities, with about 15 or
so postgraduate students involved in surveying or related research
areas. Currently, about 10% of students studying at undergraduate
In 2001, 3201 students received a licentiate degree in Civil
Engineering, 29 for Engineers in Geography, 99 for Geography,
1 for Engineer in Geodesy, none for Geomatics and Geoinformatics
Engineering, 185 for Surveyor Engineers. In 2002, 12 students
received the licentiate degree in Automatized Cartography, and
6 a doctor degree in Geography. Source: ANUIES, ibidem.
There are no universities in Namibia offering a land surveying
degree. Students have to go overseas or to South Africa to obtain
a degree. There is average one person per year graduating.
The Polytechnic of Namibia introduced in 1996 a certificate course
in land measuring. The course has been developed into a three
years cadastral diploma course. Approximately 15 land measurer
have graduated every year from the Polytechnic of Namibia.
Land Management Training Centre of Ministry of Land Reform and
Management conducts 3 levels of training, namely: Basic Survey
(SLC Candidates), Junior Surveyor (I. Sc. candidates) and Senior
Surveyor (B. Sc. candidates). Few years back, Government decided
to give authority to Private Sector to conduct basic Surveyor
course, accordingly, at present, there are 5 such institutes where
basic Surveyor course conducts. Tribhuwan University, Nepal is
working to open the Graduate Course in Surveying. This course
being realized very important, the reason is, at present, scholarships
to go to abroad for such courses are not available and the person
do not go with self-finance in this field. So, if there is no
promotion of education in this sector, the surveying profession
will, in near future, face crisis in skill human resources.
At university level the Delft University of Technology offers
education in geodesy in a full programme. In 2002 it was decided
to cancel the BSc level course. Now 1 MSc course remained, in
higher geodesy. Main reason for this decision was the still lower
application of new students (some 5 last year, while this has
been about 20-30 average.
The International Institute for Geoinformation Science and Earth
Observation ITC offers MSc degree courses a.o. for geo-informationmanagement,
urban planning and land administration. As the ITC since 2005
is an associated institute of the United Nations University, short
and long courses are offered dedicated to land management and
land administration. ...
A 4-year survey degree is offered only at the University of Otago,
covering land surveying, planning, subdivision engineering design
and spatial information systems. Currently about 50 students graduate
annually, with about 30 seeking and obtaining licensing.
The educational system in Norway for cadastral surveying is spread
over two levels. Four Norwegian colleges offer education where
cadastral science is part of the study. You can have a degree
in Land Consolidation in Bergen, and a bachelor in Geomatics in
Gjřvik, Bř and Ĺlesund. Three Norwegian universities offer education
where cadastral science is part of the study. Both the Agricultural
university of Norway and the Norwegian Institute of Technology
give the possibility for a master degree in Geomatics. Oslo University
offers a master degree in equivalent Geographical subjects.
BSGE as a five (5) year course, is offered by only eight (8)
universities: two (2) in Northern Luzon, one (1) in Central Luzon,
two (2) in the Metro Manila, one (1) in Bicol Region, one (1)
in Visayas and one (1) in Mindanao.
Annually, less than one hundred (100) students are graduating
in the course and around half are able to pass the Board Exam.
The course, basically includes the following subject: plain surveying,
geodetic surveying, laws on natural resources, land laws, mathematics,
astronomy, cartography, photogrammetry, cadastral surveying, lithography,
least squares, hydrography, route surveying, mining surveying,
land use planning, photo-interpretation, gravimetry, remote sensing,
satellites surveying and computer science. Mathematics subjects
are scattered from first year to fifth year, from algebra to calculus
Only three (3) out of ten (10) students are women and around
forty percent (40%) are working students.
There are presently only two Universities offering the Land Surveying
Degree, namely Cape Town University and the University of Natal.
The average number of students graduating from Cape Town is 10
annually, and from Natal 15 annually.
The formal training of surveyors in Sri Lanka began in 1896,
when the first training class for Surveyors started on 19th October
1896. Until 1910 the surveyors were trained at the Technical College
in Colombo. In 1912 the Survey Department started a training school
to train the surveyors attached to the department. With the improvements
in the technology the Government decided to upgrade the Department
Training school to the Institute of Surveying and Mapping (ISM)
in 1967. Afterwards, the Institute has gradually taken over almost
all the basic training needs of the Survey Department and few
other State Organizations. They have been trained up to Diploma
Level in Surveying. Apart from this Diploma Course, a ...
Master Degrees in land surveying/land administration/ real property
economic can be obtained from the Royal Technical University in
Stockholm (about 70 per year) the Technical University in Lund
(about 30 per year). In addition there are possibilities to obtain
a B Sc in the University College of Trollhättan (about 20 per
year) and Gävle (about 30 per year).
On the university level, there are education programs in surveying
on both campuses of the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH),
one in Zurich and the other in Lausanne. Both offer programs equivalent
to Masters degrees, which focus more on rural and environmental
engineering with mostly optional courses in geomatics. The tendency
towards environmental engineering over the last few years is actually
a big challenge for geomatics. Around 50-60 students graduate
from both ETH's combined each year.
In Switzerland, there are also two technicums that offer bachelor
degrees in surveying (in Muttenz and Yverdon). Both technicums
combined have 20-30 graduates annually.
There is only one institution offering degree courses in Land
Surveying (Geomatics) in Tanzania. It is the Dar es Salaam based
University College of Lands and Architectural Studies (UCLAS).
UCLAS is a Constituent College of the University of Dar es Salaam.
The degree programme in Geomatics takes four years. Admission
qualifications are Form Six Secondary Education with two principal
level passes in Mathematics and Physics or Geography or Chemistry
or Biology. Equivalent entry qualifications are also available.
The annual number of student enrolment has been rising steadily.
This number is poised to keep rising from the current average
of 30 to 40.
Ardhi Institute Morogoro trains survey technicians at certificate
and ordinary diploma levels. Each level produces an annual output
of about 50. This Institute admits ex-Form four and six secondary
school leavers. The duration for each of the certificate and diploma
courses is two years.
There are two main education categories for cadastral surveying
professionals in Turkey. Under the 7 (seven) universities, Department
of Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering (offering 4-years bachelor
degree) is the main education part. About 500 graduates totally
finish their studies annually. The other education body is College
of Map Cadastre (2-years education). These colleges are under
24 universities and about 2000 students finish their studies annually.
are offered at three institutes, two in Tashkent and one in Samarkand,
as a 4-year bachelor degree of land cadastre, land surveying, geographical
information systems, geodesy and cartography. The main institute,
which provides land surveying and land cadastre programs is the
Tashkent Institute of Engineers of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization
(TIEIAM). The basic degree is the bachelors' degree. The yearly
intake is 130 students and a total of 5,000 have graduated until
this year. A Master's program was started recently both in land
surveying and land cadastre and in geodesy and cartography. In addition,
the Tashkent Technical School for Geodesy and Cartography (TTSGC),
which is a school on college level cadastre, geodesy, cartography,
economy and land law. The curriculum consists of three or four year
studies depending of the length of their earlier school education.
The four-year program includes 700 hours of practise.
||A nivel nacional
existen dos universidades que ofrecen carreras en ingeniería geodésica,
con un promedio de veinte (20) egresados al ańo.